LHS-1 Lunar Highlands Simulant

LHS-1 Lunar Highlands Simulant

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All Exolith Lab products are intended for research and STEM education purposes. By purchasing, you agree that the product will be used for research and STEM education purposes.

Developed By: University of Central Florida
Available From: CLASS Exolith Lab

Spec Sheet  SDS 

The LHS-1 Lunar Highlands Simulant has been developed by the CLASS Exolith Lab. It is a high-fidelity, mineral-based simulant appropriate for a generic or average highlands location on the Moon. The simulant is not made of a single terrestrial lithology, but accurately captures the texture of lunar regolith by combining both mineral and rock fragments (i.e., polymineralic grains) in accurate proportions.

The particle size distribution of the simulant is targeted to match that of typical Apollo soils. Currently we do not simulate agglutinates or nanophase iron, and it has not been demonstrated that doing so is necessary to capture the major properties of lunar regolith with simulants.


Component Wt.%
Anorthosite 74.4
Glass-rich basalt 24.7
Ilmenite 0.4
Pyroxene 0.3
Olivine 0.2

Bulk Chemistry

Oxide Wt%
SiO2 48.1
Al2O3 25.8
CaO 18.4
Fe2O3 3.7
K2O 0.7
MgO 0.3
MnO 0.1
P2O5 1
TiO2 1.1
SO3 0.3
Cl 0.4
SrO 0.1
Total 99.9

Physical Properties

Mean Particle Size: 60 µm
Median Particle Size: 50 µm
Particle Size Range: <0.04 µm – 400 µm
Bulk density*: 1.30 g/cm3
*Note that bulk density is not an inherent property and depends on the level of compaction


Photo Credit: Matthew Villegas, Exolith Lab