Lunar Mare Simulant, LMS-1, developed by Exolith Lab, simulates the Lunar Mare regions on the Moon, which are the darker regions of the lunar surface. LMS-1 is a high-fidelity, mineral-based analog that is globally used for any educational or research use. This recipe was designed based on information collected from the returned Apollo Lunar Soil samples.
The simulant is made of several terrestrial minerals, and accurately captures the texture of lunar regolith by combining both mineral and rock fragments (i.e., polymineralic grains) in precise proportions.
The particle size distribution of the simulant is targeted to match that of typical Apollo soils. LMS-1 does not currently simulate agglutinates or nanophase iron, but Exolith Lab also produces Anorthosite Agglutinates which are available for sale here.
For information on Mineralogy, bulk chemistry, and geotechnical properties, please see below: